DIBELS Assessments

 All Kindergarten to 5th Grade will be tested on the Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS).  DIBELs measures the acquisition of early literacy skills.  The DIBELS measures were specifically designed to assess most of the key components of reading:

  • Phonemic Awareness: Hearing and using sounds in spoken words
  • Phonics/Alphabetic Principle: Knowing the sounds of the letters and sounding out written words
  • Fluent and Accurate Reading: Reading stories and other materials easily and quickly with few mistakes
  • Vocabulary: Understanding and using a variety of words
  • Comprehension: Understanding what is spoken or read                                             
 For more information about DIBELS please go to Dibels.  

Following is a correlation between the assessments and the key components of reading:


Reading Component

What it is


Grades that take it

Phonemic Awareness

Ability to hear and manipulate sounds in spoken words only.

This skill is a powerful predictor of future reading success.

It is a skill that is typically assessed early in a child’s schooling (i.e., kindergarten),

but it is also used with older children who are experiencing difficulty reading.

First Sound Fluency (FSF)


Phoneme Segmentation Fluency (PSF)


(Beginning and middle of the year)


Middle and end of year in Kindergarten and Beginning of 2nd grade


Ability to learn the individual sounds in spoken language and map those

sounds to specific written letters in the English language. Students who have strong phonics skills are able to connect individual sounds with letters and use those sounds to read words.

Nonsense Word Fluency (NWF)

Middle and end of Kindergarten; beginning, middle, and end of Grade 1, and beginning of  Grade 2

Fluent and Accurate Reading

Ability to read text accurately and automatically so that students can understand what they are reading.

DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency (DORF)

Middle of 1st Grade; Beginning, Middle and End of Year of 2nd - 5th Grade


Knowledge of the meanings of individual words read




Ability to understand what he or she reads. It is the ultimate goal of reading instruction.


Grades 3 - 5 (beginning, middle and end of each grade)



All students in grades K-8 will complete benchmark assessments at the end of each marking period, in ELA, math, science, and social studies. Benchmark assessments will cover the priority standards taught during that marking period, and may also include standards taught during the previous marking period.